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Smilax laurifolia

Common Name(s):
Greenbriar
Categories:
Native Plants, Vines
Comment:

Smilax laurifolia commonly called Greenbriar is normally found in coastal bogs, moist lowlands, and low sandy areas but will tolerate dry sites.  Most Greenbriar, or Catbriar, vines are woody, but a few are herbaceous.  Many are armed with thorns and most climb via tendrils.  

Its leaves are thick, glossy, and green. It has spiny older stems and 1 to 2' tubers.

Regions:  Mountain, Piedmont, Coastal plains

Seasons of Interest: 

  Blooms:  Spring            Nut/Fruit/Seed:  Fall

Wildlife Value:  The dense vine tangles provide nesting and hiding cover for birds and other wildlife.  Its fruits are eaten by songbirds, ruffed grouse, wide turkeys, and quail.  White-tailed deer browse the leaves and twigs, especially in the winter.  This plant is moderately resistant to damage from deer.

 

Height:
20 ft.
Flower:
Greenbriar has small round clusters of yellowish green flowers in late summer and dark red to black fruit that matures in the fall.
Zones:
7b-9
Habit:
Evergreen
Texture:
Coarse
Exposure:
Sun to partial shade
Growth Rate:
Medium
Climbing Method:
Arching branches
Tags:
vine, herbaceous, wildlife, evergreen

NCCES plant id: 2319

smilax laurifolia smilax laurifolia
Suzanne Cadwell, CC BY-NC-2.0
smilax laurifolia smilax laurifolia
Scott Zona, CC BY-NC-2.0
smilax laurifolia smilax laurifolia
Javier Alejandro, CC BY-NC-ND - 2.0