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Salix spp.

Common Name(s):
Willow
Categories:
Herbs, Shrubs, Trees
Comment:

Willows (in the Salicaceae family) are fast growing large trees, most common in wetlands and along stream banks. Seeds are surrounded by cotton-like hairs that facilitate wind and water dispersal. Seedlings grow upright with alternate, lanceolate to linear leaves. On seedlings, leaf blades may clasp the stem but this character is lacking on older plants. Once established willow seedlings have rapid growth rates and can grow over less vigorus plants.

Wildlife Value: Members of the Salix genus support the following specilized bees: Andrena (Parandrena) andrenoidesAndrena (Thysandrena) bisalicisAndrena (Tylandrena) erythrogasterAndrena (Andrena) frigidaAndrena (Micrandrena) illinoiensisAndrena (Andrena) macoupinensisAndrena (Trachandrena) mariaeAndrena (Parandrena) nidaAndrena (Micrandrena) nigraeAndrena (Micrandrena) salictariaAndrena (Parandrena) wellesleyana

Management strategies for willows: Tree and shrub seedlings are not well managed by preemergence herbicides, and selective postemergence controls are not available. Hand pull seedlings when small.

Foliage:
Bright green, lanceolate, toothed margins
Form:
Weeping
Propagation:
wind, water
Growth Rate:
Fast
Tags:
riparian, weed, weedy, bees, pollinator, specialized bees, wildlife, wetlands

NCCES plant id: 3140

Salix spp. Habit
Salix spp. Seedling
Salix spp. Leaf base