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Pterocarya stenoptera

Common Name(s):
Chinese wingnut
Category:
Trees
Comment:

Large pendulous shade tree in the walnut or Juglandaceae family.  Dappled shade; expansive roots on soil surface; tough dependable tree; strong wood, This tree is similar to Pterocarya fraxinifolia (Caucasian wingnut) except the midribs (rachis) of its compound leaves have toothed, often serrate wings. New foliage is downy and young twigs are covered with tawny down. Non-showy yellow-green fall leaf color but brown wingnut fruits are showy in the fall.

Seasons of Interest:

Nut: Fall

Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems: No serious problems but is considered high maintenance because fruits, foliage and twigs often produce a significant amount of litter.

Height:
50-70 ft.
Flower:
Insignificant, light green catkins appear May-June. Female catkins to 20” long and male catkins to 7" long. Produces 12 to 20 in. necklaces of emerald green, winged nutlets; turn brown in fall
Zones:
6-8
Habit:
Deciduous
Site:
Sun; prefers moist, well drained soil but does well in dry exposed sites and heavy clay
Texture:
Medium
Form:
Pendulous branching; open canopy; some times multistemmed; spreading branches
Width:
40-70 ft.
Growth Rate:
Rapid
Leaf:
Compound, odd-pinnate leaves grow to 15” long. Each leaf contains 11 to 25, elliptic to elliptic-lanceolate, sharply-toothed, glossy dark green leaflets (each 2-5” long). The terminal leaflet is often missing, so that the leaf is often even-pinnate instead of odd-pinnate.
Tags:
clay, showy fruit, deciduous, dappled shade, drought tolerant, fall interest, pendulous, high maintenance

NCCES plant id: 2147

Pterocarya stenoptera Pterocarya stenoptera
Pterocarya stenoptera Pterocarya stenoptera