- Common Name(s):
- American sycamore, Eastern sycamore, sycamore
This decidious shade tree is generally reguarded as the most massive indigenous tree to North America. It reaches its largest size near rivers, steams, or flood plains. Would do well in a rain garden with adequate space. In young trees the bark is brown with potato chip-like pieces that flake off to reveal a lighter creamier bark underneath. Mature trees have mottled whitish gray bark that is very easy to identify from a distance. This intresting bark provides winter interest. It is not known for its fall color which is a yellowish-brown. This tree is deer resistant.
Sycamore anthracnose is a significant disease that damages foliage and twigs, leading to premature leaf drop. Canker, leaf spot, and powdery mildew can also occur but with good cultural practices generally are not fatal. Insect visitors include borers, scale, Japanese beetles, caterpillars, lacebugs and mites. When grown in a lawn or along a sidewalk, litter from twigs, large leaves, bark and fruiting balls can require significant cleanup.
- 75-100 ft.
- Insignificant, small monoecious flowers yellow (male), red (female), appear in April. The fruit is a showy fuzzy, long-stalked, spherical ball (to 1 3/8” diameter). They ripen to brown in the fall and persist into early winter. Each ball contains of many seed-like fruits called achenes. As fall progresses the balls break down and the seeds fly out in downy tufts on the wind.
- 4 to 9
- Single trunk, horizontal barnching
- Be sure to have enough room in full sun for this massive tree. The roots like medium to damp well-drained soil.
- Large massive trunk; wide spreading rounded open crown; crooked branches
- 75-100 ft.
- Growth Rate:
- Moderate to rapid
- Very large, 3-5 lobed alternate, simple, medium to dark green leaves (4-10” wide) with 3 to 5 lobes has coarse marginal teeth. The petiole flares out and covers over a leaf bud at base. Tan to brown fall color
NCCES plant id: 3037