- Common Name(s):
- Mugo pine, Swiss mountain pine
Pinus mugo is a species of conifer, native to high elevation habitats from southwestern to Central Europe. Mature plants typically exhibit a dense habit, usually growing wider than tall. Mugo pine is also seen in more prostrate forms as well as in taller trees that will grow to as much as 80’. Tremendous variation in size; normally does not produce a tap root so is easy to transplant. This plant prefers cool summer climates and are generally tolerant of urban conditions.
Wildlife Value: This tree is resistant to damage by deer.
- 15-20 ft.
- 1 to 2 in. erect cones; matures to gray black; many occur in clusters of 3 or 4
- Sun to partial shade; deep, moist, well drained soil; tolerates clay
- Variable; usually low broad spreading and bushy
- 25-30 ft.
- Growth Rate:
- 1 to 2 in. rigid, medium to dark green needles in pairs; curved; may become yellow green in winter
NCCES plant id: 2100