Narcissus (Paperwhites) - Tender III
- Common Name(s):
- Paperwhite Narcissus, Tazettas
- Perennial Bulbs, Poisonous Plants, Spring Bulbs
Narcissus (Paperwhites) flowers in early winter (Dec/Jan) for up to 100 days (depends on occurrence of frost) and plants are 12-18 inches tall. All are very fragrant.
Natural reproductive systems and growth and development requirements: Reproduces by offset bulblets and requires a warm (70 to 85F) - cool (40 to 55F) - warm (70 to 85F) annual thermoperiodic cycle.
Moisture: Tolerates (prefers) summer drought, but requires moisture during growing season.
- Perennial, bulbous herbs; leaves narrow, flat, and strap-like; flowers single or in a cluster at the top of a naked stem, each white to yellow or red, with a tubular projection above the 6 spreading petal-like parts; fruit a capsule.
- Planting time: October-November
- Full sunlight to PM only or AM only sunlight
- 12-18 in.
- 1-3 in., 10-15 per sq. ft.
- Flowering Period:
- early winter (Dec/Jan) for up to 100 days (depends on occurrence of frost)
- Flower Color:
- available in yellow and white flowers
- 5 inches to base of the bulb
- Beds, rock gardens, fresh cut flowers, and woodland gardens
- Tunicated bulb
- Tender III - Injured at temperatures below 35 degrees F , (2C) when planted
- Southern Europe
- Poison Part:
- Poison Delivery Mode:
- Ingestion and dermatitis.
- Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, salivation, trembling, convulsions; may be fatal. Contact dermatitis ("lily rash") following handling of bulbs, flowers, and stems.
- Toxic Principle:
- Phenanthridine alkaloids such as lycorine, also calcium oxalate crystals.
- TOXIC ONLY IF LARGE QUANTITIES EATEN. SKIN IRRITATION SEVERE!
- Found in:
- Houseplant or interiorscape; landscape in flower garden as hardy bulb; florist plant.
NCCES plant id: 832