- Common Name(s):
- Fig buttercup, Lesser celandine
- Groundcover, Perennials
Lesser celandine is in the Ranunculaceae family. It was introduced into North America and has naturalized in 19 states in the Northeast, the Pacific Northwest, and eastern Canada. In wild areas, plants compete with native plants and wildflowers forming large, dense vigrous colonies that sometimes cover several acres of land.
Flowers are easy to spot in the early spring. After flowering, the plant foliage dies back by early summer as the plants go dormant. Bulblets on above ground stems and underground tubers are the primary methods of propagation. Tubers resemble figs, hence the Latin name. The spread of bulblets and tubers can be accelerated by such factors as animal digging and downstream flooding.
This plant was formally known as Ranunculus ficaria.
Insect, Disease, and Other Problems: No serious insect or disease problems. Slugs and snails may appear. When planted in a garden, plants tend to spread invasively into adjacent areas. Exercise caution in planting this perennial in the landscape. Some cultivars are reportedly less aggressive.
Consider Planting: Geum radiatum which is less invasive.
- Spring, dormant in summer
- .5'-.75' feet
- Flower Color:
- Zones 4-8
- Glossy dark green, spreading rosettes, ovate-cordate, fleshy, up to 2” in length.
- Showy bright, buttercup-yellow blooms March to May. Flower stalks rise 8"-9" inches tall.
- Prefers moist soil and partial shade.
- Bulblets, Tuberous roots
- Prefers partial shade
- Medium to wet
- North America, Canada
- Europe, northwest Africa, southwest Asia
- Growth Rate:
NCCES plant id: 3154