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Cyrilla racemiflora

Common Name(s):
Leatherwood, Swamp cyrilla, Titi
Categories:
Native Plants, Shrubs, Trees
Comment:

Cyrilla racemiflora is native to the wet coastal plains of the southeastern US. This shrub has attractive, smooth brown bark and rich green foliage which gradually becomes orange to maroon in the fall (zones 6-7).  It flowers on previous season's growth and attracts bees.  It does not like dry soil.   If left unmanged, it easily suckers to form colonies.

Regions:  Piedmont, Coastal Plains

Seasons of Interest: 

  Leaf:                     Blooms:  Summer            Nut/Fruit/Seed:  Fall

Wildlife Value:   This plant is moderately resistant to damage from deer.  It provides great cover during extreme weather.   Butterflies feed on the nectar from the flowers.  Its foilage is browsed by white-tailed deer.

 

Height:
8-25 ft.
Flower:
The fruit of the Swamp cyrilla is ovoid, dry, about 1/12 inch long, with 1-5 seeds, but with only 1 seed maturing. 3-6 in. drooping sprays of small, creamy white flowers in summer on new growth. The flower stalks are subtended by slender bracts. The flowers are fragrant. Its seed capsule persists into winter.
Zones:
5 to 10
Habit:
Deciduous to semi-evergreen
Site:
The Swamp cyrilla grows best in sun to partial shade. It needs moist to wet acidic soil high in organic matter. It does not grow well in dry soil.
Texture:
Medium
Form:
Sprawling, spreading, loose, rounded shrub; stout, eccentric trunk; branches contorted and twisted
Exposure:
Sun to partial shade; moist to wet soil
Fruit:
6 in. drooping sprays of white flowers late spring into summer produced on previous season ft.s growth
Width:
10-15 ft.
Leaf:
The Swamp cyrilla has alternate, simple, oblanceolate (having a rounded apex and tapering base) to oval, rounded or pointed at the tip, narrowed to the base leaves. The leaves are thick, without teeth, smooth and sometimes nearly evergreen. They are also reticulate (net-like)-veined, up to 4 inches long, up to 1 inch wide. The leaves are bright green below and gradually becomes canary yellow to orange.
Tags:
deciduous, honeybees, fall color, bees, fragrant, pollinator plant, pollinators, fall interest, wildlife, evergreen

NCCES plant id: 474

Cyrilla racemiflora Cyrilla racemiflora
Peganum, CC-BY-SA-2.0
Cyrilla racemiflora Cyrilla racemiflora
Peganum, CC-BY-SA-2.0
Cyrilla racemiflora Cyrilla racemiflora
Peganum, CC-BY-SA-2.0
Cyrilla racemiflora Cyrilla racemiflora
Zenia, CC BY-ND-2.0