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Cornus sanguinea

Common Name(s):
Bloodtwig dogwood
Cultivar(s):
'Winter Flame', 'Midwinter', 'Winter Beauty'
Categories:
Shrubs, Trees
Comment:

Suckers freely to form a colony; not a specimen plant; use in mass plantings; easy to transplant; fibrous roots; very adaptable.  Red twigs provide winter interest.

Seasons of Interest:

   Foliage: Fall    Bloom: Summer, early   Fruit: Summer-Fall, red berries  Twigs: Winter

Wildlife Value: Fruits are attractive to birds and plants provide nesting sites.  Members of the genus Cornus support the following specialized bees: Andrena (Gonandrena) fragilisAndrena (Gonandrena) integraand Andrena (Gonandrena) platyparia.

Insects, Diseases and Other Problems:  The Flowering dogwood, when stressed, is susceptible to a rather large number of disease problems, the most serious of which is dogwood anthracnose. This disease has caused considerable devastation in parts of the eastern U.S. The plants are also susceptible to powdery mildew, leaf spot, canker, root rot and leaf and twig blight. Stressed trees also become vulnerable to borers. Leaf miner and scale are less serious potential insect pests. The foliage is browsed by white-tailed deer.

Height:
6-15 ft.
Foliage:
Opposite, simple, dull, dark green leaves; 1.5-3 in. long; blood-red to greenish-purple fall color; sun-exposed stem color is red
Flower:
Dull white flowers in May to early June; flat-topped cyme; 0.25-in. purplish-black fruit in fall
Zones:
4-7
Habit:
Deciduous
Site:
Sun to partial shade; well-drained soil
Texture:
Medium
Form:
Loose, unkept floppy habit; spreading rounded top; multi-stemmed; dense, twiggy habit
Width:
6-15 ft.
Growth Rate:
Slow to moderate
Leaf:
1.5-3 in. simple, opposite leaves; blood-red fall color
Tags:
cover, small tree, nesting, deciduous, bees, fall color, birds, nectar, pollinator, specialized bees, wildlife, red twigs, mass planting, winter interest

NCCES plant id: 1508

Cornus sanguinea Red twigs provide winter interest
Je Wyer, CC BY - 4.0
Cornus sanguinea Mass planting
UK Garden Photos, CC BY-NC-ND - 4.0
Cornus sanguinea Form
Peter Burch, CC BY-NC-ND - 4.0
Cornus sanguinea Red twigs are easily visible between the light green foliage.
Peter Burch, CC BY-NC-ND - 4.0
Cornus sanguinea Flowers
Bathyporeiai, CC BY-NC-ND - 4.0
Cornus sanguinea Cornus sanguinea
Ettore Balocchi, CC BY - 2.0
Cornus sanguinea Fruits
Peter Burch, CC BY-NC-ND - 4.0