- Common Name(s):
- European hornbeam, Ironwood, Musclewood
- Fran's Fountaine, Fastigiata
Dense shade; smooth, gray, bark; also called Ironwood due to very hard wood; gold fall color.
- 40-60 ft.
- Male catkins; small nut
- Sun to partial shade; tolerates a range of soil types but prefers moist, well-drained soil
- Medium to fine
- Pyramidal when young; rounded at maturity
- 30-40 ft.
- Growth Rate:
- Slow to moderate
- 2.5-5 in. alternate, simple, sharply serrated leaf; yellow to yellowish-green fall color
NCCES plant id: 1929