- Common Name(s):
- Golden birch, Yellow birch
- Native Plants, Trees
Yellow birch is a deciduous tree that may grow 70 to 80 feet tall. The leaves are alternate with doubly toothed margins and a pointed tip. The bark on younger trees is shiny bronze and horizontally in thin, papery strips. Older trees have bark with reddish-brown scaly plates. The cone is plump and upright and has many hairy scales that each contain 2-winged nutlets. The twigs smell like wintergreen when broken.
The Yellow birch is a host plant for Mourning Cloak and Dreamy Duskywing butterflies. Many moths also use as a host plant. Seeds are eaten by birds. Northern flying squirrels and northern saw-whet owls use the hollows that often form in this tree as nest sites. Squirrels (flying and red) often use the exfoliating bark to line/insulate their nests.
Seasons of Interest:
Leaves: Bloom: Spring Fruit/Seed/Nut: Late summer
Wildlife Value: Seed and host
Insects, Diseases, or Other Plant Problems:
- 70-80 feet
- The Yellow birch tree prefers moist soil in a sunny to partly sunny location.
- The leaves of the Yellow birch tree are alternate with doubly toothed margins and a pointed tip.
NCCES plant id: 3157