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Amelanchier arborea var. laevis

Common Name(s):
Allegheny serviceberry, Serviceberry
Categories:
Native Plants, Shrubs, Trees
Comment:

Amelanchier laevis, commomly called Allegheny serviceberry, is a small, deciduous, usually multi-trunked understory tree or tall shrub which is native to thickets, open woods, sheltered slopes and wood margins in Eastern North America where it typically grows 15-25' (less frequently to 40') tall.  The bark of this tree is smooth when young.  As the tree ages, the bark develops rough long ridges and furrows. 

This plant is often multi-trunked and may possess irregular branching.

Regions:  Mountain

Seasons of Interest: 

  Leaves:   Fall                Blooms:  Early spring, spring             Nut/Fruit/Seed:  Late summer

Wildlife Value:  This plant is moderately resistant to damage from deer.  It is a host plant for the Red-Spotted Purple and Viceroy butterflies.  Butterflies and other insects nectar at the blooms.  Its fruit is eaten by songbirds, ruffled grouse and both small and large mammals.

Insects, Diseases, or Other Plant Problems:  The Allegheny Serviceberry has no serious insect or disease problems, however, ust, leaf spot, fire blight, powdery mildew and canker are occasional disease problems.

Height:
15-40 ft.
Flower:
The Allegheny serviceberry features showy, 5-petaled, slightly fragrant, white flowers in drooping clusters which appear in early spring (April) before the leaves. The flowers give way to small, round, edible berries which ripen to dark purplish-black in June (hence the sometimes common name of Juneberry) and resemble blueberries in size, color and taste. The berries are often used in jams, jellies and pies.
Zones:
4-9
Habit:
Deciduous
Site:
The Allegheny serviceberry is easily grown in average, medium, well-drained soil in full sun to part shade. It is tolerant of a somewhat wide range of soils, but prefers moist, well-drained loams.
Texture:
Medium
Form:
Rounded
Exposure:
Sun to partial shade; moist soil
Fruit:
Berries
Width:
15-40 ft.
Growth Rate:
Moderate
Leaf:
The Allegheny serviceberry has finely-toothed, obovate leaves that emerge with a bronzish-purple tinge in spring, mature to lustrous dark green in summer and turn red-orange in fall.
Tags:
flowering tree, songbirds, host plant, deciduous, screening, fall color, street tree, hedge, fragrant, edible fruit, butterflies

NCCES plant id: 437

Amelanchier arborea var. laevis Amelanchier arborea var. laevis