Amelanchier arborea var. laevis
- Common Name(s):
- Allegheny serviceberry, Serviceberry
- Native Plants, Shrubs, Trees
Amelanchier laevis, commomly called Allegheny serviceberry, is a small, deciduous, usually multi-trunked understory tree or tall shrub which is native to thickets, open woods, sheltered slopes and wood margins in Eastern North America where it typically grows 15-25' (less frequently to 40') tall. The bark of this tree is smooth when young. As the tree ages, the bark develops rough long ridges and furrows.
This plant is often multi-trunked and may possess irregular branching.
Seasons of Interest:
Leaves: Fall Blooms: Early spring, spring Nut/Fruit/Seed: Late summer
Wildlife Value: This plant is moderately resistant to damage from deer. It is a host plant for the Red-Spotted Purple and Viceroy butterflies. Butterflies and other insects nectar at the blooms. Its fruit is eaten by songbirds, ruffled grouse and both small and large mammals.
Insects, Diseases, or Other Plant Problems: The Allegheny Serviceberry has no serious insect or disease problems, however, ust, leaf spot, fire blight, powdery mildew and canker are occasional disease problems.
- 15-40 ft.
- The Allegheny serviceberry features showy, 5-petaled, slightly fragrant, white flowers in drooping clusters which appear in early spring (April) before the leaves. The flowers give way to small, round, edible berries which ripen to dark purplish-black in June (hence the sometimes common name of Juneberry) and resemble blueberries in size, color and taste. The berries are often used in jams, jellies and pies.
- The Allegheny serviceberry is easily grown in average, medium, well-drained soil in full sun to part shade. It is tolerant of a somewhat wide range of soils, but prefers moist, well-drained loams.
- Sun to partial shade; moist soil
- 15-40 ft.
- Growth Rate:
- The Allegheny serviceberry has finely-toothed, obovate leaves that emerge with a bronzish-purple tinge in spring, mature to lustrous dark green in summer and turn red-orange in fall.
NCCES plant id: 437