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Philippine Evergreen Aglaonema commutatum

Other Common Name(s):

Previously known as:

  • Aglaonema marantifolium var. commutatum
This plant has medium severity poison characteristics.
See below
Description

Herbaceous perennial commonly grown as a houseplant.  It resembles dumb cane (Dieffenbachia). It has elliptic dark green lance-shaped leaves that reach 4-8" long and 2-3" wide. Attractive silver-gray blotches appear on upright stems.  Blooms rarely as a houseplant in the late summer or early fall with a white spadix with green spathe.  Red clusters of berries follow the blooms.  Does well in in diffuse sun or good indirect light.  Prefers high humidity but will tolerate dryer air.  Keep the potting mix moist from spring to fall.  Does not require a winter dormacy period but prefers a reduction in watering during the winter.

There are serious disease or insect problems but watch for aphids, mealybugs, spider mites, or scale. Root rots can occur with over-watering. Leaves may turn brown in very dry air or drafty location.

 

Spreads: 12-18 inches

Cultivars:
Tags:
#poisonous#houseplant#perennial#dark green#low light#variegated leaves#silver#high humidity#chinese evergreen#dappled sunlight
Cultivars:
Tags:
#poisonous#houseplant#perennial#dark green#low light#variegated leaves#silver#high humidity#chinese evergreen#dappled sunlight
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Aglaonema
    Species:
    commutatum
    Family:
    Araceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Stem Cutting
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Philippines, northeastern Celebes
    Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems):
    high humidity
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Herbaceous Perennial
    Perennial
    Poisonous
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Red/Burgundy
    Fruit Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Fruit Type:
    Berry
    Fruit Description:
    Red clusters of berries follow the blooms.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Green
    White
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Fall
    Summer
    Flower Description:
    Blooms rarely as a houseplant in the late summer or early fall with a white spadix with green spathe.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Variegated
    Leaf Shape:
    Elliptical
    Lanceolate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    > 6 inches
    Leaf Width:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Description:
    It has elliptic dark green lance-shaped leaves that reach 4-8" long and 2-3" wide.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Gray/Silver
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Description:
    Attractive silver-gray blotches appear on upright stems.
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Container
    Houseplants
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Humidity
    Problems:
    Contact Dermatitis
    Poisonous
  • Poison:
    Poison Severity:
    Medium
    Poison Symptoms:
    This plant contains calcium oxalate crystals, which is toxic if ingested or if the juice/sap is touched (dermatitis). More so a concern for dogs, cats, and horses but can a concern for humans. Animals may have the following symptoms: struggle to swallow, irritated/painful--even burning/swelling mouth (including lips and tongue and esophagus), may vomit, foam at the mouth, and much drooling. To humans and animals, it is poisonous if ingested (or if the juice from the plant is touched). Other symptoms (more so for humans) include a rash, pain where the rash is, and mucous membranes irritated.
    Poison Toxic Principle:
    Calcium oxalate crystals
    Causes Contact Dermatitis:
    Yes
    Poison Part:
    Bark
    Flowers
    Fruits
    Leaves
    Roots
    Seeds
    Stems