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Red Buckeye Aesculus pavia var. pavia

Other plants called Red Buckeye:

Phonetic Spelling
ES-kew-lus PAH-vee-uh PAH-vee-uh
Description

Scarlet Buckeye is a native deciduous shrub or small tree found in SE and central USA and is found in the coastal and Piedmont areas of NC.  It typically grows as an understory tree in the moist, rich, slightly acidic soils of pine forests. In the wild, it may reach 25 feet tall but usually grows 12-15 feet in cultivation. The spring flowers are showy as is the fruit that follows. The tree will drop its leaves by the end of summer.

Scarlett Buckeye prefers morning sun and afternoon shade in moist well-drained acidic soils. It can be used as a specimen or for screening and in woodland or rain gardens.

More information on Aesculus pavia.

See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#bees#hummingbirds#showy flowers#deciduous#red flowers#native tree#deciduous shrub#native shrub#wet sites#NC native#deciduous tree#food source nectar#food source pollen#Piedmont Mountains FAC#food source hard mast fruit#mammals#Coastal FACU#problem for cats#butterflies#pollinators#problem for dogs#problem for horses#birds#audubon
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#bees#hummingbirds#showy flowers#deciduous#red flowers#native tree#deciduous shrub#native shrub#wet sites#NC native#deciduous tree#food source nectar#food source pollen#Piedmont Mountains FAC#food source hard mast fruit#mammals#Coastal FACU#problem for cats#butterflies#pollinators#problem for dogs#problem for horses#birds#audubon
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Aesculus
    Species:
    pavia
    Family:
    Hippocastanaceae
    Uses (Ethnobotany):
    Native Americans used the branches and crushed seeds to slow down fish to make them easier to catch. Early settlers made a soap substitute from buckeye’s roots and a black dye from its wood.
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    SE and central U.S.A.
    Distribution:
    AL , AR , FL , GA , IL , KY , LA , MO , MS , NC , OK , SC , TN , TX
    Wildlife Value:
    Flowers attract bees, butterflies and hummingbirds. Squirrels will eat the nuts.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 10 ft. 0 in. - 25 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 10 ft. 0 in. - 20 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Native Plant
    Shrub
    Tree
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Erect
    Irregular
    Rounded
    Maintenance:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Dappled Sunlight (Shade through upper canopy all day)
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    High Organic Matter
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Available Space To Plant:
    12-24 feet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Piedmont
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    5b, 5a, 6b, 6a, 7b, 7a, 8b, 8a
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Summer
    Fruit Type:
    Capsule
    Fruit Length:
    1-3 inches
    Fruit Width:
    1-3 inches
    Fruit Description:
    2-inch round brown capsules with a rough surface have 1-3 shiny seeds within. Fruits are available July-August.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Red/Burgundy
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Panicle
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Shape:
    Tubular
    Flower Size:
    1-3 inches
    Flower Description:
    Long tubular red flowers on 6-10 inch long upright panicles in April-May. Individual flowers are 1- 1.5 inches long.
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Feel:
    Glossy
    Leaf Type:
    Compound (Pinnately , Bipinnately, Palmately)
    Leaf Shape:
    Elliptical
    Leaf Margin:
    Serrate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    3-6 inches
    Leaf Width:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Palmately compound leaf with 5 leaflets up to 3-6 inches long on long stems and serrated margins. Elliptic in shape with long pointed tips and rounded bases. Leaves drop by the end of summer.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Gray/Silver
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Surface:
    Smooth (glabrous)
    Stem Description:
    Smooth gray to brown stems
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Naturalized Area
    Riparian
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Native Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Rain Garden
    Design Feature:
    Flowering Tree
    Hedge
    Small Tree
    Specimen
    Attracts:
    Bees
    Butterflies
    Hummingbirds
    Pollinators
    Small Mammals
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Compaction
    Heat
    Problems:
    Problem for Cats
    Problem for Dogs
    Problem for Horses