NC State University Brick Logo
NCCE Logo
Please submit a search term.

Lobelia cardinalis

This plant has poison characteristics. See below.
Common Name(s):
Cardinal flower
Categories:
Perennials, Poisonous Plants, Water Garden, Wildflowers
Comment:

A number of hybrid cultivars of Cardinal flower have been produced; the most popular is 'Queen Victoria' with blood red flowers and bronze foliage. Grow in1 gallon or larger container; rich soil; 1-3 in. of water over the crown; sun to partial shade; attracts hummingbirds

Description:
Erect, annual or perennial herbs; leaves alternate, simple; flowers white, scarlet, or blue, 5-parted, tubular and irregular-shaped with 2 lips; fruit a capsule.
Season:
Fall - early August to mid-September
Height:
3-5 ft.
Flower Color:
cardinal red
Hardiness:
3-9
Foliage:
Simple, unbranched stem; lance-shaped to narrowly egg-shaped leaves, 2-6 in. long; toothed on the margins
Flower:
Terminal cluster of bright red flowers, each about 1.5 in. long; tube of stamens projects upward through a cleft in the corol
Site:
Prefers moist to wet soil but will grow in average soil; prefers partial shade but will grow in full sun; found in moist meadows, thickets, swamps, and along banks of streams
Propagation:
remove offshoots in late summer, seed, cuttings
Exposure:
partial shade
Soil:
moist soil high in organic matter
Regions:
Mountains, Piedmont, Coastal Plain
Origin:
Eastern USA, North Carolina
Poison Part:
All parts
Poison Delivery Mode:
Ingestion
Symptoms:
Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, salivation, exhaustion and weakness, dilation of pupils, convulsions, and coma
Toxic Principle:
Alkaloids lobelamine, lobeline, and others, plus a volatile oil
Severity:
TOXIC ONLY IF LARGE QUANTITIES EATEN
Found in:
Forest or natural area, in moist woods and fields, edge of streams; landscape, in flower gardens, cultivated herbaceous annuals and perennials
Life Cycle:
Perennial provided fallen leaves are removed from the low growing evergreen rosettes during the winter

NCCES plant id: 740

Lobelia cardinalis Lobelia cardinalis
Lobelia cardinalis Lobelia cardinalis