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Cercis canadensis

Common Name(s):
Redbud, Eastern redbud
Cultivar(s):
Ace of Hearts, Alba (white flowers), Appalachian Red (hot pink), Covey (weeping), Flame (double flowers, seedless), Floating Clouds (variegated green/white foliage), Forest Pansy (purple foliage, pink flowers), Greswan (purple foliage), Hearts of Gold (golden foliage), Ruby Falls (weeping with purple foliage), Rising Sun (golden foliage with orange overtones in new growth), Silver Cloud (variegated green/white foliage), Tom Thumb (miniature foliage), Whitewater (weeping with variegated green and white foliage), Wither's Pink Charm , Pinkbud
Categories:
Native Plants, Trees
Comment:

A basal member of Fabaceae, Cercis canadensis or redbud is a native to NC and posseses characteristically cordate green leaves that turn yellow to yellowish-orange in the fall.  The flowers which emerge in early springs are edible, precocious (emerging before the foliage) and can be cauliflourous (borne directly on stems and trunk). The flowers provide nectar for bees and once pollinated form leguminous pods, the seed can be consumed by birds. Learn more about "Cercis chinensis" (Chinese Redbud) and "Cercis canadensis ssp. retisus" (Oklahoma Redbud).

Height:
20-30 ft.
Flower:
Reddish-purple buds; rosy pink, pea-like flowers in clusters; cultivar 'Alba' with white flowers, 'Flame' with double flowers; early spring before leaves emerge; 2-3 in. brown seed pods borne in clusters.
Zones:
4-9
Habit:
Deciduous
Site:
Sun to partial shade; prefers moist, well-drained soil but will tolerate a range of soil types.
Texture:
Medium to coarse
Form:
Dense; flat topped to rounded crown; often multi-stemmed; zig-zag horizontal branches. Weeping forms exist.
Exposure:
Sun to partial shade; moderate to rich, well-drained soil
Fruit:
Pinkish purple pea-shaped flowers in early spring; slender brown seed pods borne in clusters
Edibility:
The flowers are said to be edible.
Width:
25-35 ft.
Growth Rate:
Slow to moderate
Leaf:
3-5 in. alternate, simple, cordate leaf; yellow to yellowish orange fall color; cultivars include purple, golden and variegated foliage types.
Tags:
purple, gold, variegated foliage cultivars, weeping

NCCES plant id: 459

Cercis canadensis Flower of C. canadensis
Photo by Dogtooth77, CC BY-NC-SA - 2.0
Cercis canadensis 'Forest Pansy' C. canadensis 'Forest Pansy'
Gardennig in a Minute, CC BY-NC-2.0
Cercis canadensis 'Ace of Hearts' Leaves of C. canadensis 'Ace of Hearts'
Steven Severinghaus, CC BY-NC-SA - 2.0
Cercis canadensis f. alba Flowers of C. canadensis f. alba
Danny Barron, CC BY-NC-ND - 2.0