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Prunus serotina

This plant has poison characteristics. See below.
Common Name(s):
Wild Cherry, Black cherry
Cultivar(s):
Spring Sparkle
Categories:
Native Plants, Poisonous Plants, Trees
Comment:

Yellow fall foliage; subject to defoliation from eastern tent caterpillars; tends to be a messy tree - use along the edges of woods; leaves are poisonous to livestock; leaves and twigs have cherry fragrance and bitter taste; tall trunk

Description:
Deciduous tree; leaves alternate, simple, toothed on the margin, with 2 small glands at base of blade and hairy along midrib below; flowers in an elongated cluster, 5-parted, white; fruit fleshy, black with a large pit (stone)
Height:
50-80 ft.
Flower:
4 to 6 in. raceme of white flowers in early spring; small juicy reddish black edible berries in summer that attract birds
Zones:
2-8
Habit:
Deciduous
Site:
Sun; range of soil types
Texture:
Medium
Form:
Pyramidal to conical; becomes oval with pendulous branches
Exposure:
Sun; range of soil types
Fruit:
White flowers in early spring; small juicy reddish black edible berries in summer that attract birds
Family:
Rosaceae
Origin:
USA, NC
Distribution:
Throughout
Poison Part:
Wilted leaves, twigs (stems), seeds
Poison Delivery Mode:
Ingestion
Symptoms:
Gasping, weakness, excitement, pupil dilation, spasms, convulsions, coma, respiratory failure
Edibility:
EDIBLE PARTS: Pitted fruits are eaten raw or made into jelly when combined with apples, or jell alone with added pectin. Sauces, pies, and flavorings are also made from these cherries.
Toxic Principle:
Cyanogenic glycoside, amygdalin
Severity:
HIGHLY TOXIC, MAY BE FATAL IF EATEN!
Found in:
Deciduous forest or natural area, maritime forest; weedy in disturbed areas, roadsides, fields, fencerows; in landscape as shade tree
Growth Rate:
Rapid
Leaf:
2 to 5 in. alternate, simple leaves; yellow to red fall color
Tags:
deciduous

NCCES plant id: 524

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